When did you enter the army?
In Feb 1966.
When you went south, did you know how long you would be there?
We didn’t know how long they would need to be there. We only knew that they had to go until the war ended. I was in the army until 1976.
Did you volunteer or were you drafted?
I was drafted and it was the same for his two other brothers who are younger than me. I met one of my younger brothers along the way when he returned home in April 1975.
What was your training like before you went south?
My training consisted of a 1-month basic training period in Hoa Binh Province.
Did you travel down the Ho Chi Minh trail?
What was the trip south like?
From Quang Binh province (DMZ), I traveled through Laos and Cambodia before I stopped in Tay Ninh Province (the last point of the trail in Vietnam).
Many young NVA soldiers died along the way before they ever got into the fight because of sickness (malaria). I survived because I was lucky and because I was not a city boy. Besides weapons, each of us carried an extra 30kg of personal material and food. I also traveled with a long bamboo pole. Together with a hammock, the bamboo pole could be used to carry wounded soldiers until they could be transported to the next hospital along the way.
I have seen photos of soldiers with bicycles carrying supplies – did you do this? What other types of supplies did the soldiers carry with them when going south?
No, those bicyclists were local soldiers who provided food, medicine, bullets, weapon, etc. for NVA who hiked along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. NVA stopped at these stations, or rest stops, to get more rice and food every few days.
How long did it take to get to Nui Ba Den?
I trekked 3 months on foot on the Ho Chi Minh Trail but it took some time before I was stationed on the Black Lady Mt.
When did you arrive in the south?
Did you get any opportunity to go home for visits while you were stationed in the south?
No, I didn’t. I returned home after ten years in the army just a few days before April 30, 1975, when the war ended.
I understand that you were in the tunnels at Nui Ba Den?
No, I didn’t. I spent two years on the Black Lady Mountain. The rest of the time I stayed at nearby areas such as Ba Ra Mountain, 30 miles east of Loc Ninh (near where COSVN was situated) and other places in Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Province. They also raised chicken and pigs at their camps.
How extensive were these?
I have heard that there was a hospital there. I would assume that there were also arms caches there. We stayed in the caves on the middle of Black Lady Mountain. I didn’t stay in any cave that you visited in February. It was more off the beaten path and they were not easy to find. We were split into small groups and stayed in different areas and caves. We had a nurse with us, but there was no hospital.
Did you get food supplies from the north on a regular basis?
We did get food supplies but it was very limited; usually, rice and dried fish or fish paste. We picked wild vegetables on the mountain and some of my friends were killed on these missions. I was very impressed with American’s food box (C-Rations) because it had chocolate and coffee. Many NVA soldiers were killed because they tried to gather American food boxes that were left on the battlefield.
Was much of your food provided by the local population?
Yes, besides food supplied by the NVA, I also ate rice from the Black Lady temple’s warehouse. During my time on Black Lady Mountain (2 years), I and my friends didn’t receive frequent supplies. We wore a monk’s costume instead of regular uniforms.
When did you return to the north Vietnam for the final time?
I was sent back to North Vietnam on April 14, 1975 to receive further training. Although we traveled by truck and on HW1, it took nearly a month to arrive. As you can imagine, the roads were damaged and there were also a lot of land mines. At the time (April 14), we didn’t know the war would be over on April 30.
Since 2011, this NVA soldier Vietnam War and his family (wife, children, and grandchildren) have taken 2 tours to old battlefield Black Lady Mountain. Each tour was full of emotion that he never forgets. The children and grandchildren touch the ground where the battled was. They forever cherish these trips with their dad/grandfather.
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